is the fourth most common cause of death in the United
States. Anyone can get COPD; however, it is most commonly
seen in people who smoke. Other risk factors included
exposure to air pollution and a genetic predisposition.
patients with COPD, lung tissue is destroyed and the
airways become blocked and obstructed. This damage makes
it harder for the patient to breathe. The damage continues
over time, and symptoms may worsen.
Although COPD is not curable, there are many medications
which work to improve symptoms and functioning.
are the symptoms of COPD?
Common signs and symptoms of COPD are:
-Increased mucus production
-Shortness of breath
-Tightness in the chest
are the risk factors for COPD?
Risk factors include:
-Smoking remains the primary risk factor for developing COPD
-some people may inherit an increased risk for COPD; in many
such cases other relatives have COPD and may have developed
it at a very early age.
How is COPD treated?
Generally the treatment of COPD consists of relieving symptoms
and making lifestyle changes. The earlier that COPD is diagnosed,
the better the results of treatment. Treatment includes:
-Bronchodilator medicines which improve airflow in the lungs.
-Inhaler steroid medicines are used in some patients
-Vaccination against pneumonia and influenza
COPD is not curable, there are many medications which work
to improve symptoms and maximize lung function.