are the symptoms of restless leg syndrome?
Most patients with RLS describe the sensation as an uncomfortable
feeling in the limbs (usually the legs) while sitting still
or lying down. This feeling is only relieved by moving the
affected limbs. It can occur during daytime hours but is more
common during the evening.
is RLS diagnosed?
A sleep specialist can make the diagnosis of RLS by taking
a medical history of the patient and performing a physical
examination. If there is a question on making a diagnosis
of RLS, other tests may be ordered to rule out other causes.
is RLS treated?
This disorder is frequently treated with medications. Hot
baths, massages, heat or cold packs and exercise may help
relieve some the movements for certain individuals.
LIMB MOVEMENT DISORDER (NOCTURNAL MYOCLONUS)
limb movement (PLM) disorder causes affected individuals to
move parts of their body (usually the legs) during sleep.
This causes repeated sleep disruption and may result in both
daytime sleepiness and difficulty sleeping at night. Although
people of any age may have PLM it is most often noticed in
middle aged and elderly individuals.
are the symptoms of PLM?
Symptoms range from shallow, continuous movement of the ankles
or toes, to wild kicking and flailing of the legs and arms
while the patient is asleep. Movement of the legs is more
common than movement of the arms.
is PLM diagnosed?
Before a diagnosis of PLM is made, a medical history and physical
examination should be performed by a sleep physician. An overnight
sleep study (polysomnography) will be ordered and the monitoring
of limb movements is recorded throughout the night. Results
of that study will be shared by the physician with the patient
to determine if a formal diagnosis of PLM can be made.
is PLM treated?
Standard treatment of PLM is medication. The medication prescribed
by your physician will help reduce or eliminate the movements.